The Faroe Islands is an autonomous territory which falls under the Kingdom of Denmark. The Faroes are not part of the European Union (EU) and this is worth noting if you are planning to travel there (i.e. be sure to have your passport ready). The Faroes are about halfway between Norway and Iceland. The islands are relatively small and very sparsely populated (as of 2020, their population is approximately 52,000). The rugged nature is perfect for hiking enthusiasts, however, the climate is unpredictable and it’s best to visit during the summer. The islands ask for fees to hike many parts and doing a decent amount of planning beforehand is a good way to prepare to make the most out of a trip to such a spectacular place. The must-visit of the islands is Gasadalur (above) and its famous waterfall, Múlafossur. Make sure to bring your hiking boots to these islands! Do not skip on this.
It is worth noting that climate change threatens all places around the globe. There is so much to enjoy about more remote places which are less touristy such as The Faroe Islands. Please, make sure to consider the carbon footprint that you are making while you travel. This is to say, there are ways to be conscientious of how you consume and what actions you take. This awareness and intentionality helps you actively work to be a part of protecting the environments you occupy. This is more important than ever as carbon emissions are a major issue.
A fun fact about the islands includes that the population has a greater number of men than there are women, which has been inspiring more women from around the world to go and live there. I have linked below a documentary about this topic which has been noteworthy recently.
The Faroe Islands are for nature lovers and these landscapes are some of the most breathtaking in the whole world.
Viking age settlers establish their free state The name Føroyar (Faroe Islands) is derived from old Norse and means Sheep Islands, a name given by the Viking age settlers arriving from Norway in the 9th century. The medieval culture and organisation of the Faroe Islands was clearly Norse in origin and form, and they established their Althing (parliament), later named Løgting, at Tinganes in Tórshavn. Tórshavn still is the capital city of modern days Faroe Islands, and it claims to hold the oldest parliament in the world.
Special status under foreign Monarchs Viking age Norwegian kings long aspired to gain control over the Faroe Islands, but for many years the Faroese managed to fight them off. However, by the latter half of the 12th century the Faroe Islands eventually became firmly attached to the Kingdom of Norway.
The Faroe Islands joined Norway into the dual monarchy with Denmark in the late 14th century. When this union was succeeded by a Norwegian-Swedish union in 1814 the former Norwegian territory of the Faroe Islands remained under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Denmark. Due to, among other factors, remoteness vis-à-vis both Norway and Denmark, the Faroes Islands always maintained a special jurisdiction along with their distinct language and culture, guarded by the ancient Løgting.
The royal trade monopoly long stood in the way of development. When it was abolished in 1856 an export oriented commercial fishing industry rapidly developed in the Faroe Islands kickstarting the development of a modern market economy and population growth.
I like to have a polished and glamorous look most of the time. One secret I have learned over the years is that it does not take a lot of products nor does it need to take a lot of time to achieve this. As I have streamlined how I approach my makeup (when I wear it), I have learned what works best for me and I look forward to sharing some of those insights with you!
First off, I cannot reiterate enough: avoid foundation wherever you can. Ultimately, it can come off looking cakey and if it is not the exact color match for you, that makes it even less attractive. I have learned over the years to avoid foundation wherever possible and work on using concealer strategically. I use concealer under my eyes and on any red spots that I might have. I also use it as a base for my eyeshadow and apply a thin layer of it on my eyelids to prep them for eyeshadow.
Favorite concealer: Benefit Cosmetics Boi-Ing in Light 1
My next step is eyeshadow. Recently, I have been loving the Sephora Collection eyeshadows (Made in Italy!) and the amount is just enough for when you might run out, you are looking to find another color again or just want to replace. I think they are perfectly priced, too. In the photos above, I am wearing shade Twinkle Twinkle.
Favorite eyeshadow: Sephora Collection in Twinkle Twinkle
I usually apply mascara immediately following. For me, I have been a long time fan of L’Oreal’s Voluminous Original – I heard a celebrity once describe it as the “don’t fix what ain’t broke” of mascaras and it’s true. I have tried many different mascaras, and for the price range of what is out there, you get a great effect on your lashes. There is really no downside to this particular mascara. I just make sure that I clean the brush off occasionally so the product does not get too clumped on the brush. I focus on making my outer lashes stand out which gave the winged effect in my photos.
Favorite mascara: L’Oreal Paris Voluminous Original in Black
After I have my eyes all done, I move on to cheeks and use a pink lipstick (yes lipstick) or a cream blush on my cheekbones. I always smile when I apply so I am making sure that I am applying the product evenly across the apples of my cheeks. Currently, my favorite cream blush is Sephora Collection Flushed Blush in Cloudy Pink.
Favorite cream blush: Sephora Collection Flushed Blush in Cloudy Pink
The very last step (and perhaps most fun) is lining my lips and finishing with lipstick. I have many different shades of pinks and reds in my lipstick collection, so I like to mix together colors often. Sometimes, on the rare occasion, I find a shade of pink that I just find absolutely stunning and that shade right now is Milani Cosmetics lipstick in Rose Hip! This color has a vibrant quality without it being too neon. I also can downplay the brightness with a more mauve toned lip liner. The lip liner that I love the most right now with this lipstick is Sephora Collection in Rose. This lip liner has such a wonderful pigmentation and glides on perfectly.
Favorite lip liner: Sephora Collection in Rose
Favorite lipstick: Milani Cosmetics in Rose Hip
There you have it… not too many products and not too much time spent! Your makeup should be what you love to put on and wear, so make sure it works with your style and you’ll be good to go! I don’t focus too much on trends, I focus on what makes me feel my best.
Of all the beauty icons we have today, it is likely that Monica Bellucci is on par with being considered the “Anita Ekberg of our generation.” (This is because Ekberg was iconic for her bombshell role in Federico Fellini’s La Dolce Vita.) Bellucci is undoubtedly one of the great Italian actresses of our time. Monica has appeared in films for decades and has been considered a fashion icon as well. Monica grew up in the region of Umbria in Italy. Her career start was modelling for fashion houses Dolce & Gabbana and Dior. As a young model, she was signed with Elite Models and lived in Milan.
Monica’s transition to film was natural and she has acted in many films over the years. Notably, she acted in The Passion of the Christ as Mary Magdalene. She has appeared in dozens of films beyond that – including in Francis Ford Coppola’s Bride of Dracula in 1992. In 2015, when she became a Bond girl in the James Bond film Spectre alongside Daniel Craig, she became the ‘oldest’ Bond girl in the franchise’s history, which allowed for a more inclusive perspective on who can be cast as a Bond girl… In her personal life, Bellucci’s boyfriend, Nicolas Lefebvre, is 18 years her junior. Age truly is just a number and hopefully the vivacious way Bellucci has lived her life continues to be an example of this to others. You can be sexy at any age!
Part of the grand allure of Bellucci’s style is how her style is elegant and simple. Often, she pairs a smokey eye with a black dress. This is her signature look and she has stuck to what works for her. Do what works for you and build on that! That is the core of what style is: leaning into what suits you and building on that. There is so much to learn from her demeanor as well. Bellucci is an icon for a reason. We can all learn a thing or two about how demeanor and style put together can generate the energy that we want to keep and how we present ourselves. Monica’s style is a good reminder to always show up as the best version of yourself.
“Cottagecore is all about living simply and slowly and appreciating the little things. It is about being present in every moment and thus living life to the fullest… Cottagecore is also closely linked with sustainability and living a sustainable lifestyle.” -Ruby Granger
Cottagecore has been described as the ‘biggest trend in quarantine’ and ‘where fairytale meet slow living.’ Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced us all to re-evaluate our priorities in life, our livelihoods, and the pace of our lives. “Cottagecore” has been around for a long time. It was the aesthetic of Marie Antoinette’s farm house, the Petit Trianon, where the monarch sought refuge from the suffocating duties of complex palace life – the concept of slow living bodes much better with frivolity than complex interdynamics of nations intertwined together. In Marie Antoinette’s case, she was likely quite homesick for the Austrian countryside.
Perhaps this is what unraveled for the world during the pandemic – while we are all connected, we were together alone. And while this is powerful, we realized that there are some aspects of the “way things were” just no longer need to be “how they were.” There is nothing wrong with having more time with your family for example! Being an Austrian dual citizen, there are many elements of this philosophy and lifestyle which I grew up with already; for example, being appreciative of things that are homemade and having an emphasis on a good lifestyle at home. Austrians are known for being very hospitable, which exemplifies their quality of life at home!
The aesthetic of Cottagecore brings comfort and solace. To that end, I have personally tried to bring together the best of both worlds in this way (complexity + comfort). I have personally become interested in Complex Systems Theory and have been working towards building a more fluent understanding of its application (the application of this theory feels endless). With that said, challenging oneself and utilizing extra time to learn also means valuing the ideals of rest, which the pandemic has also allowed us all to reframe.
No one can perform at their best without proper rest. This is where the Cottagecore aesthetic comes in well; the entire ideal of the philosophy of Cottagecore is about slowing down. It’s about engaging with the environment around you. It’s about appreciating the roses and variety of country style flowers around and honoring your existence in this way. Of course, not everyone has access to a stunning countryside (many people have been navigating stressful urban environments during the pandemic), however, there are ways to appreciate and cultivate a deeper connection to nature. An antique looking painting of flowers and plants can be a good reminder of this in your home.
Even if a countryside is not nearby, small shifts in routine can help balance your lifestyle and live into this Cottagecore aesthetic and philosophy. For example, waking up and saying “thank you” for a new day is a simple way to accept your circumstances and live more presently. An important part of the Cottagecore philosophy and aesthetic is that you are living presently and one with nature. Always remember, all you have is now. Make the most of it!
Venus is everywhere… she truly is. Venus, the embodiment of love and beauty in a female form, is a presentation that most of us are familiar with. From Botticelli’s Birth of Venus painting to the equally well known Venus de Milo sculpture, we are familiar with her form in one shape or another. When we take a closer look at her appearances throughout art and culture in general, we are able to see how alive and well her truth is. Even today, beyond the classical embodiment that she seems to prevail within, Venus, in all of her varied presentations, is a goddess that connects our earthly habitation with the spiritual one. This is perhaps why she is closely tied with the dove, which is a symbol that allows us to see how we can set the spirit free.
The sculpture “Veiled Truth” by Italian sculptor Antonio Corrodini clearly depicts a female body that is of Venus like proportions. While the veil is intended to be a sign of modesty, the style of how the veil is draped around the female body is how Corrodini communicates the “truth” of the female body in this sculpture. It’s a particularly striking work of art because of how it weaves together the ideas of modesty with the presentation of the female body, which has an undeniable correlation to the goddess Venus and her presentation. Corrodini provokes the viewer to consider is modesty real? If the truth is in nature (of the body), then perhaps modesty is a social fabric, just like the veil that is wrapped around the body. This message in a sculpture is one depiction of how Venus appears again and again throughout our artistic and cultural psyche. Another unique depiction of Venus is a painting by the French painter, Louis Jean Francois Lagrenée from 1770, which is housed at the Getty Museum today. This painting, entitled “The Allegory of Peace,” depicts Mars, the god of war in bed with Venus, the goddess of love, and how their union creates “peace.”
Allegory of Peace by Louis Jean Francois Lagrenée, 1770
Mars, the Roman god of war lovingly overlooks Venus, the Roman goddess of love as depicted in the “Allegory of Peace” by Louis Jean Francois Lagrenée, 1770; The Getty Museum.
Venus is not only a beautiful woman, Venus embodies a state of mind and being. She embodies how the human existence can embody love as a state of being. This is well contrasted with the visual of her lover, Mars, as depicted in the painting the “Allegory of Peace,” which brings together the two states of love and war (Mars & Venus) into a mutual state of peace. Love and light ultimately prevails over the state of war. The painting sends a message:Love ameliorates all.
Beyond the artistic depictions of Venus that are well established across our collective cultural psyche, there are more subtle embodiments of her that are less easy to spot. One of my favorite examples of this is in The Little Mermaid. When Ariel transforms from her mermaid state to be joined with Eric in the end of the film, she steps out of the water in a sparkling lavender dress (being birthed as a human from the water), she is exiting the water fully formed as a human being, exactly as her birth story is described in mythology.
Something else that is particularly intriguing about this depiction of Venus is its appearance in a Disney film… The Little Mermaid is a combination of Venus and a savior character. Princess Ariel literally saves Prince Eric from drowning in a storm and when dropping him off on the shore has an angelic presentation being surrounded in light, manifesting a spiritual character and is ‘birthed’ from water like the Venus story describes. This underpins the Venus and Mars narrative well, as the embodiment of love with Venus brings a kind of spiritual transcendence.
It is unique to note that in the mermaid story, it is a ‘spiritually transcendent’ experience to become mortal versus becoming a ‘magical creature’ such as a mermaid. The transformation into being a mortal connects back to this idea of Venus being the human embodiment of love. Humanity as a collective can love one another more and we don’t discuss that enough and more broadly as a society. I have never heard this topic discussed in the news. Perhaps because it is easier to divide people than to unite them. I still believe we can all practice love as a spiritual practice and embody it.
Popular culture undoubtedly presents the Venus narrative in many different forms. Another noteworthy and perhaps less quickly identified cultural depiction of Venus is Jayne Mansfield. In the 2000 film, Dr. T & the Women, Richard Gere, plays a sought after Dallas based gynecologist. In the film, identifies Jayne Mansfield as being a “noteworthy woman” of Texas to have a highway named after when patients in his office ask for his input. The idea is that Gere’s character is elevating the Venus like attributes of Jayne Mansfield. Mansfield also posed alongside Venus sculptures multiple times, so she was well aware of the comparison. It’s in the cultural mythology of “dumb blonde,” do you not see that she was in fact much more conscientious and aware of engineering her persona than people understood at the time. People who knew Mansfield well described her as highly intelligent. She was fluent in multiple languages and played the violin as well. While Mansfield may be a more modern representation of Venus, she is certainly not where Venus in culture ends. Venus will always have a presence, in some kind of “veiled modesty” or in all her glory.
As the seasons change, so do our makeup looks. The colors of our makeup may change to coordinate with our outfits and to indicate the season, but I have come to believe that there is a basic formula to how you can achieve the best looks of a season (while complementing your best features) without trying too hard. Firstly, it is said time and time again, and should not be underestimated: skin is the canvas that you have your makeup on, therefore, your skin’s health is of the utmost priority. Skincare before your makeup is truly the answer to all of the best makeup looks above all. My mother has an esthetician degree from when she was a young woman in Austria. I have had all of the benefits of her tips and tricks and I haven’t always heeded her advice, to my detriment. I did not realize when she’d tell me: “You only need concealer, no foundation!!,” she was giving my makeup look’s best advice. Now, I have begun to heed that advice and have stopped using foundation all together. I know that on certain occasions foundation can be good (full makeup looks for a photoshoot or for events that are in the Fall/Winter have become how I categorize when to best use foundation). Now, I solely use a concealer wand to conceal any darkness under my eyes and any red spots that I might have. Adhering to a good skincare regimen that treats your skin type well can do wonders to how your skin looks, without makeup. Ultimately, you can afford a few sun rays when you are outside (not for prolonged periods of time when you should apply sunscreen). Generally, let your skin breathe.
Once you have properly allowed yourself a good ‘canvas’ for your skin, then you can start thinking about which shades and tones complement you best or complement your outfit well etc. For the makeup look above, I wanted to have a look that conveyed all of the tones that you might see in Portofino. I have a particular way of creating my makeup looks. I love to have rosy cheeksof course (sometimes I go overboard and need to remember that a natural flush will add color as well). I will use a cream textured pink lipstick on my cheeks (yes, on my cheeks) as a cream blush. I do a quick swipe of pink lipstick on each side and blend, blend, blend into the apples of my cheeks. It’s great to smile while you blend it too so you know where your color would be in the apples of your cheeks. This blends very naturally if your skin is properly moisturized. After I have applied concealer and blush, I begin applying eye makeup. I use a tiny bit of concealer on my eyelids as a base that I blend in to make eyeshadow adhere better. Then, I apply a light smoky shade of shadow (this can be anything from gray to gray blue to silver-like shade of eyeshadow for the base of my shadow. I use a darker shadow, like a dark gray or dark brown to line my upper lash line very thinly. Then, I apply a couple swipes of mascara! You can also skip mascara (most days) and spare your lashes. This way, they can grow long naturally without any breakage. Less can actually be more with makeup looks, remember that!
For my final step (my favorite), I apply lipstick and lip gloss. I love full, glossy lips. The matte lipstick trend has never been a favorite of mine and I prefer to stick to a creamy lipstick with a lip gloss over. I think that is the most beautiful lip look! I love to wear reds, pinks, and coral shades of lipstick. I think those shades complement my features best and they make me feel my best. Voila, this is your rosy summer makeup look. It’s light and only four steps (concealer, blush, eye makeup, and lipstick). You can make a big impact with your makeup looks with the colors that you choose and please make sure to take care of your skin first and foremost.
Andrea di Robilant is an Italian journalist and writer who has written five well-received books of non-fiction. During his forty-year career in journalism, Andrea has worked in Europe, Latin America and the United States, where he was U.S. correspondent for the daily La Repubblica (1980-84) and U.S. Bureau Chief for La Stampa in Washington D.C. during the Clinton years. He attended Le Rosey in Switzerland and received a B.A. and a Master’s degree in International Affairs from Columbia University in New York City.
In 2003 Andrea published A Venetian Affair, his best-selling account of two star-crossed lovers in Eighteenth century Venice based on a cache of letters his father, Alvise di Robilant, found in the attic of the family’s palazzo.His next book was a biography of Lucia Memmo, his great-great-great-great grandmother, who was a close friend of Josephine Bonaparte, the wife of Napoleon. In 2011 he publishedIrresistible North, a book about a controversial Fourteenth century journey of two Venetian navigators Nicolo and Antonio Zen in the North Atlantic in the Fourteenth Century. Three years later he published Chasing the Rose, which tells the story of his own journey in search of a mysterious rose. His most recent book, Ernest Hemingway and His Last Muse, published in 2018, is about Ernest Hemingway’s relationship with a young woman named Adriana Ivancich in Venice in the 1950s. Andrea is now in the midst of writing a book about maps and travels in the Renaissance. You can find his website for more information here.
Bianca: I think you spent quite a while decoding your family’s letters with A Venetian Affair. How long did decoding the love letters take?
Andrea: My father found these letters in a shoebox in the palazzo in Venice where he had grown up and he brought the box home one day and none of us knew what they were. It didn’t really make sense to us who was writing, what they were about… most of them were written in a secret code. It was very pretty. It looked like there were a lot of hieroglyphics on the page… it was a very quick hand, not a labored job. It was rather intriguing and very beautiful to look at. We started trying to crack the code and my father took on the job, it was he who had found the letters and eventually it was he who cracked the code and then he transcribed all of the letters.
Out of that labor came this fascinating love story between my ancestor Andrea Memmo and Giustiniana Wynne, the illegitimate daughter of an English baronet. It was really thanks to my father that we were able to understand who was writing and what the story was about. It became my father’s favorite conversation piece. After my father died I thought I should pull all the strings together and write the book that he should have written. That said, the book is more than the transcription of the letters. I use the letters as a starting point of a historical research that enabled me to recreate the background – social, political, artistic – of the period. So the book is not limited to their story, it is really about a period of history, the last decades of the declining Venetian Republic.
The story of this impossible love is emblematic of the inability of this ancient Republic to reform, to modernize itself, to make it possible for two young people who loved each other to marry – despite the fact that Andrea was the scion of one of the Venetian Republic’s oldest families. Of course there were masked balls and all of that, but the reality was that the Venetian Republic was slowly dying because it simply could not marshall the energies necessary to reform itself. There is something very poignant in that. Andrea’s struggles must be seen against that backdrop.
Bianca: Your book after A Venetian Affair, was about Andrea Memmo’s daughter, Lucia Memmo, entitled, Lucia: A Venetian Life in the Age of Napoleon. What inspired you to write this book?
Andrea: After I had written A Venetian Affair, I found another shoebox of letters – this is not a joke – and I realized that these had belonged to Lucia. She makes a brief appearance in A Venetian Affair towards the end. Andrea visits Giustiniana in Padua on her deathbed. She is dying of a tumor and Andrea traveled all night long to be with her in her last moments, the woman of his life. Lucia, his daughter, was also present. She writes about this in a letter and describes her father’s tortured face as he holds Giustiniana’s hand. It’s a very moving scene.
From there, I went on to write Lucia’s story and it was very fascinating for other reasons. The story of Lucia was the story of an intelligent, highly educated, attractive woman living in a time in Europe when great events are happening and the scene is constantly changing – you have the death of the Venetian Republic, Napoleon bursts onto the scene and Lucia adapts to her new life. It was fascinating for me to find such an eloquent witness of those times and to be able to see those rapid changes happening in Europe through the eyes of an intelligent woman and a wonderful writer! She was always in the thick of things and wrote diaries and letters that are illuminating. Thanks to her I was able to write a book that has the sweep of a novel, though it’s all true and documented. It started out with a batch of letters. The batch of letters were fascinating. They told the story of the arranged marriage between Lucia and Alvise Mocenigo. This is very ironic because her father, Andrea, arranged her marriage – a man who fought so hard to try to marry the love of his life and failed. The letters I found were between Lucia and Alvise before they actually met. It’s a fascinating correspondence that gradually turns into love… you know how today, people can fall in love just by communicating online? This is very similar. You can see their relationship burgeoning and growing into something substantial through words. That really sparked my interest and I went looking for more material on Lucia in the archives in Venice.
Bianca: Your next book, Chasing the Rose, is set during the time of Josephine Bonaparte, Napoleon’s first wife. Can you give an overview of that wonderful book?
Andrea: While Lucia was in Paris, she was a good friend of Josephine’s, she became a botanist of sorts – she became very knowledgeable about roses in particular. Josephine was an important figure in the world of roses. She was able to import roses from China and the arrival of these roses to France and to Europe in general at the end of the 18th century was a great moment in the history of rose breeding. It was the arrival of these roses from China that really transformed the landscape of roses in France and across Europe. Josephine made it very fashionable for the other grandes dames of Parisian society to have their own rose gardens. It was truly a Golden Age for roses. As I said, Lucia was at the center of all of this, observing everything and absorbing all of this. She returned to Venice to her house in the country and she brought back hundreds of roses. And she created her own rose garden and a park that became a model of its kind. Alas, nothing has remained of that garden, except this one rose.
It grows wild in what used to be the park and is now just woodlands. I had no idea about the existence of this rose until one day, I was called up by people who lived near the woods. They had found this mysterious rose growing wild there and they couldn’t figure out what it was, nor where it came from. Since I had written a book about Lucia, they thought I might know something about it. I wondered if there was some connection between that wild rose and the roses that Lucia had brought back from Paris.
People in the area had named it Rosa Moceniga, because that was Lucia’s married name – the Mocenigos are my ancestors. So I went to see the rose in the woods, and the people there gave me a small plant and I took it back home and planted it in my garden in Venice. It grew very well on its own, despite the bitter cold in the winter and the salty air and it took over the garden and it forced me to focus on this rose and I became more and more intrigued about this rose’s history. It looked to be a Chinese rose of some kind. Chasing the Rose is really the story of my journey into the world of old roses searching for the identity of this particular rose… I gave myself a late education in roses…Along the way I met fascinating people who knew a lot about roses and I went to Paris and finally I solved the mystery. And now the rose is officially recognized as the Moceniga Rose.
Readers wrote to me suggesting I should make a perfume from this rose. It was a cool idea but I knew nothing about perfumes so I let it go. Then, one day, I went to see the Perfume Museum in Venice, which is a new museum in an old Palazzo Mocenigo which had long ago belonged to my family. I found the museum fascinating, it was really well done and I thought to myself – if I ever do a perfume, I want to do it with the people who set up this museum. I asked mutual friends to arrange a meeting between me and the head of the company, The Merchant of Venice, which makes wonderful perfumes. They go back four generations in Venice. I told the head of the company that I’d written a book about a rose and they happened to have a perfume museum in a Palazzo that had the same name as my rose – Moceniga. They thought it over and then they called me a few weeks later and said it was a great idea. Within a year, they had produced the fragrance in a beautiful Murano glass. In fact, it’s been so successful that Rosa Moceniga is their best selling perfume today. During the Pandemic we produced a Rosa Moceniga hand sanitizing gel that became very popular…!
Bianca: Is there a favorite time in history you enjoy researching the most?
Andrea: My father studied history, I studied history at university and so did both my sons. I guess it runs in the family. But I am not a historian. I am a reporter interested in history – and I use journalistic techniques in my research. I like to relive moments of history through other people and to find keys to understand the past. For example, in writing another book, Irresistible North, I was fascinated by the idea of these two brothers, two Venetian merchants who were trying to expand the bounds of their world to broaden their market… they were shipwrecked in the North Sea and ended up in the Faroes, Iceland, Greenland and this was back in the 1300s. They published their letters and a map about their voyages – nobody in Europe had yet made a map about that part of the world. Three hundred years later the map was denounced as a fake for what I thought were spurious reasons and I wanted to get to the bottom of the story. So there was a journalistic angle to that.
The book about Hemingway and his love story with Adriana Ivancich started by chance. One day I was taking a walk on the Venetian mainland and I ended up in someone’s property. I was actually trespassing and didn’t realize it. I kept going further until the owner drove up to me. He was an old man who had just had a stroke. I apologized and explained to him that I had wandered onto his property without knowing… he invited me in and I learned that he was the older brother of Adriana, the eighteen year-old girl Hemingway fell in love with when he came to Venice in 1948. He mentioned that he had just sold the last batch of letters between Hemingway and Adriana to the JFK archives in Boston. I happened to be going to Boston a few weeks later on a book tour and I went and checked on the letters in the library. And the letters were there, sure enough, and there were many others! I immersed myself in them. I must have spent two or three days locked in the library reading letters. I realized this story was not simply an anecdotal story, this was a major love story that had a great impact on Hemingway’s career as a writer. Most Hemingway biographies don’t give this story the importance it’s due. So I thought it would be a good idea to write a whole book about it.
It was also a matter of recreating life in those years not just in Venice but also in Cuba, because Adriana eventually went to Cuba to stay with the Hemingways. She went with her mother! The whole set up at the Hemingway estate turned into a sort of Tennessee Williams drama in the Tropics.…In any case the appearance of Adriana in Hemingway’s life really galvanized him and got him writing again — he had not published a book in ten years. But Adriana was also deeply affected by their relationship – perhaps more so than she realized at the time. Years later she took her life after suffering from depression. Like Hemingway. I thought it was a very compelling story that needed to be written.
Bianca: Your family heritage plays such a significant role in your writing. Your most recent book though, Autumn in Venice: Ernest Hemingway and His Last Muse, is not entirely about your family, but it does take place in Venice.
Andrea: The Hemingway book does not have much to do with my family, even though my great uncle Carlo makes several appearances and so does my aunt Olghina. But that’s because the setting is Venice. Carlo was Hemingway’s favorite drinking buddy. He was a happy drunk, Hemingway used to say, and he liked to hang out with him at Harry’s Bar. They wrote children’s stories together, believe it or not. That was really the extent of it; although, drinking was a big part of his life in Venice.
Bianca: There is a Ken Burns documentary about Ernest Hemingway’s life coming out on April 5th on PBS. Do you think he will mention the relationship between Hemingway and Adriana?
Andrea: I don’t know, I am very curious myself. It’s a three-part documentary and there’s a possibility that he may not be able to cover everything! He started work on the documentary before my book came out in 2018. But I am very curious to find out. An international production has also just finished shooting the movie version of Across the River and Into the Trees, the book he wrote after meeting Adriana. It’s a strange novel, but it’s the novel that got Hemingway back to writing. So this novel was very important to him personally even though a lot of critics panned it. In the movie the Hemingway-inspired protagonist is played by Liev Schreiber, who starred in Ray Donovan, the popular American series. Fancy that! His young lover is played by a young Italian actress, Matilda de Angelis.
Thank you, Andrea, you are truly a rosy addition to Rosy BVM!
“I know when I’m working I seldom get into trouble. My educated guess is that boredom has caused most of the problems with Hollywood celebrities.” -Hedy Lamarr
Hedy Lamarr, born in Vienna, Austria in 1914 and was a renowned actress and inventor for her time, considered to be “The World’s Most Beautiful Woman,” and rather infamously known because of her acting role at age 18 in the 1933 Czech film, Ecstasy, the first film scene portraying female pleasure. Her first husband, who she was married to at the time, Friedrich Mandl, strongly objected to the scene and Lamarr described him as keeping her ‘prisoner’ in their home and preventing her from more actively pursuing her acting career. This may have been true, but Hedy still managed to act in 30 films over a 28 year career. She divorced Mandl in 1937.
The film Ecstasy gained world recognition after winning an award in Rome. The film was banned in the U.S. for being considered overly sexual. Beyond her acting career, Hedy was a trailblazer in every facet of her life. She co-invented an early version of frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication for torpedo guidance. Today, the concept is used in various Bluetooth technology and the technology is a similar version to methods used in legacy versions of Wi-Fi. The concept she invented was an early stage idea for Wi-Fi.
Hedy was likely a genius. She had no formal training and was self-taught. In her spare time, she worked on inventions including an improved traffic stoplight and a tablet that would dissolve in water for a carbonated drink (same concept as Alka-Seltzer). We don’t know everything that Hedy invented. Howard Hughes was aware of her inventiveness and she suggested to him to change the shape of his airplanes to a streamlined shaped (instead of being somewhat square). Hughes provided her with teams of scientists to assist her in her ideas coming to fruition.
Hedy married six times and had three children. She remained unmarried for the last 35 years of her life. Her autobiography was published in 1965. She sued the publishers in 1966 for allegedly fabricating facts about her life in the book, but she lost the lawsuit. By the 1970s, Hedy was living in seclusion and she settled in Miami Beach, Florida in 1981. She died of heart disease in Florida in 2000 at age 85. She was cremated and her ashes were spread in the Vienna Woods. Hedy was a prolific woman.
“We hope to achieve equal rights as any human being deserves.” – Rosa Parks
“Rosa Parks (1913—2005) helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States when she refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama bus in 1955. Her actions inspired the leaders of the local Black community to organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Led by a young Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the boycott lasted more than a year—during which Parks not coincidentally lost her job—and ended only when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was unconstitutional. Over the next half-century, Rosa Parks became a nationally recognized symbol of dignity and strength in the struggle to end entrenched racial segregation.” History.com
In celebration of Women’s History Month, I am highlighting women who have had historical influence and also remind us of how inner strength, beliefs, and a sense of purpose can set us on a path in life that can also change the course of other people’s lives. Rosa Parks is a particularly profound example of this. Rosa Parks is a legend for the Civil Rights Movement. Her quiet eloquence coupled with her dignity and strength are part of what makes her legendary work as a Civil Rights Leader so extraordinary. Rosa Parks endured racial segregation in the Deep South as a child and was prepared to sacrifice everything for justice as she emerged as the face of the Montgomery Bus Boycott when she refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man at the age of 42 years old. Such an incredibly simple thing was an act of great courage and strength. In the face of systematized segregation, Rosa Parks refused to continue accepting what was her daily reality in Alabama.
Rosa Park was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. Under Jim Crow laws, racial violence was a pervasive reality for Black Southerners. She grew up on a farm with her mother, younger brother and maternal grandparents. They were active members of the African Methodist Episcopal Church and Rosa’s faith helped ground her sense of purpose when pursuing civil rights. She married NAACP member, Raymond Parks, in 1932 and she too joined the NAACP. A particularly important note about the driving factors for the courage that Rosa Parks had in not giving up her seat was that she was recently informed of the acquittal of the two men who had murdered Emmett Till in Mississippi. Emmett Till was wrongly accused of rape and was subsequently lynched. This was utterly horrifying.
Parks and her husband had been supporting efforts to defend the Scottsboro Boys, a group of Black men falsely accused of raping two white women. Given that the Emmett Till trial was more widely known about than the Scottsboro Boys, Parks was particularly saddened (and rightfully angry) that the two men were acquitted of the crime given that Till’s case had more status. Rosa Parks was informed of this only four days before she would refuse to give up her seat on the bus. This outrage was likely the largest driving factor for her in her protest on the bus.
Rosa Parks spent the entirety of her career fighting for racial justice, including for the Anti-Apartheid movement in South Africa as well. Her work in the Civil Rights movement has a continuity to this day and her impact as a social rights leader reminds all of us that we can engage in the fight for justice if we step up to it.
In honor of Black History Month, I would like to celebrate the talented legend and the “First Lady of Song,” Ella Fitzgerald. In her lifetime, she won 13 Grammys and sold over 40 million records worldwide. Born in Virginia in 1917, Ella made her professional debut at the age of 17 at the Apollo Theater in Harlem. Despite the horrible shock and loss of losing her mother to injuries from a car accident at age 15, Ella was able to maneuver herself through the trying times and made her musical debut at only 17. She would reflect in her later years that it was looking back on her struggle could be grateful for her success.
Before she began her singing career, she worked as a runner for gamblers, picking up their bets and dropping off money. Ella worked tirelessly to establish herself and she was known for having a wide-ranging flexible voice. In 1955, a pivotal career breakthrough occurred for her when Marilyn Monroe was able to secure Ella an engagement at the Mocambo Nightclub in Hollywood. Marilyn personally lobbied that the owner book Ella. Speaking of Marilyn, Ella said according to her website, “I owe Marilyn Monroe a real debt. It was because of her that I played the Mocambo, a very popular nightclub in the ’50s. She personally called the owner of the Mocambo, and told him she wanted me booked immediately, and if he would do it, she would take a front table every night. She told him – and it was true, due to Marilyn’s superstar status – that the press would go wild. The owner said yes, and Marilyn was there, front table, every night. The press went overboard. After that, I never had to play a small jazz club again. She was an unusual woman – a little ahead of her times. And she didn’t know it.” Marilyn used her privilege for good and it was delightful.
Off stage, Ella was known for being shy and reserved, and yet, she knew that her true calling was performing in front of an audience. Ella was a remarkable woman. Moreover, she unfortunately experienced discrimination. Her manager, however, spoke clearly that Ella refused to accept any discrimination and was clear that Ella deserved equal treatment wherever she went. Ella’s star was on the rise despite all of the tremendous hurdles she faced. Outside of her musical career, she cared for child welfare and donated generously to organizations for youth. There is now a foundation in her name. Following in her footsteps, Ella’s son, Ray Brown Jr., is also a jazz musician.
In 1987, President Ronald Reagan awarded Ella the National Medal of Arts. It was one of her most prized moments. France followed suit several years later, presenting her with their Commander of Arts and Letters award, while Yale, Dartmouth and several other universities bestowed Ella with honorary doctorates. Ella passed away in her home from a stroke in 1996. Ella’s legacy will always remain, the First Lady of Song.
It’s stated on her website that by the 1990s, Ella had recorded over 200 albums. In 1991, she gave her final concert at New York’s renowned Carnegie Hall. It was the 26th time she performed there.